This weekend marks the 20th anniversary of the Columbine Excessive Faculty taking pictures, during which two college students killed 13 individuals and themselves on April 20, 1999. However the US has not solved its mass taking pictures downside in these 20 years — the nation now averages practically one mass taking pictures a day, primarily based on one group’s definition of mass taking pictures.
We don’t have good knowledge going again to the Columbine bloodbath. However we do have knowledge going again to a different college taking pictures, at Sandy Hook Elementary Faculty in Newtown, Connecticut, on December 14, 2012.
Because the Sandy Hook taking pictures, there have been greater than 2,000 mass shootings during which 4 or extra individuals, excluding the shooter, had been shot however not essentially killed. Practically 2,300 individuals have been killed and greater than 8,300 have been wounded.
Since 2013, there was just one full calendar week — the week of January 5, 2014 — with out a mass taking pictures.
Right here’s how all of these shootings since Sandy Hook look in map type, primarily based on knowledge from the Gun Violence Archive and brought from the Vox tracker developed by Kavya Sukumar:
Quite a lot of significantly lethal mass shootings stand out on that map.
In Las Vegas in October 2017, a gunman killed 58 individuals and wounded lots of extra. In June 2016, a gunman in Orlando, Florida, killed 49 individuals and wounded dozens extra at a homosexual nightclub.
And in Parkland, Florida, a gunman killed 17 individuals and wounded 17 others at Marjory Stoneman Douglas Excessive Faculty in February 2018. That taking pictures impressed a brand new nationwide motion for gun management, culminating within the March for Our Lives in Washington, DC, and sister marches throughout the nation in March 2018.
Not each state has been affected equally. Right here’s a map of the variety of mass shootings since Sandy Hook, after controlling for inhabitants, in every state:
Since round 2015, the variety of mass shootings has averaged round one a day.
These calendars show casualties from mass shootings since 2013, the 12 months after the Sandy Hook taking pictures:
To this point in 2019, 115 individuals have been killed and 314 have been wounded in 90 mass shootings over 108 days — once more, practically one mass taking pictures per day.
The information in these maps and calendars is predicated on the Gun Violence Archive’s depend, which defines mass shootings as occasions during which 4 or extra individuals, excluding the shooter, had been shot, however not essentially killed, on the identical common time and site. That definition differs from others, which can require that 4 or extra persons are killed, or which can exclude sure shootings, similar to gang-related and home violence occasions.
America is a giant outlier amongst developed nations on the subject of gun deaths, largely as a result of the nation has so many weapons, making it straightforward to hold out an act of violence. Research have linked stricter gun legal guidelines to fewer gun deaths. However the US has the weakest gun legal guidelines within the developed world.
As surprising as mass shootings are, they’re accountable for solely a small portion of all gun deaths within the US. In 2016, based on the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention, 39,000 individuals died of gun-related accidents. Mass taking pictures deaths represented lower than 2 % of all gun deaths within the US that 12 months — 451 of practically 39,000 total gun deaths.
This chart exhibits mass taking pictures deaths and total gun deaths, with every block representing 10 gun-related deaths:
In the meantime, greater than 14,000 of the gun deaths that 12 months had been homicides, and virtually 23,000 — the good majority — had been suicides.
The proof means that curbing entry to weapons wouldn’t solely stop some mass shootings, but in addition assist curtail different gun deaths, together with homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings. Till America confronts that downside, it can proceed to see ranges of gun violence far outdoors the norm amongst different developed nations, simply as we’ve seen after Columbine, Sandy Hook, and Parkland.
For an interactive model of those maps and the opposite charts on this article, take a look at Vox’s full story. And for extra on America’s gun downside generally, learn Vox’s explainer on the problem.